Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR)
Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR)
An Autonomous Mobile Robot is a machine controlled by software that use sensors and other technology to identify its surroundings and move around its environment. Mobile robots function using a combination of artificial intelligence (AI) and physical robotic elements, such as wheels, tracks and legs. Autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) are designed to dramatically increase productivity in manufacturing and logistics operations.
What are Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR)?
An Autonomous Mobile Robot, also known as AMRs, is a machine controlled by software that uses sensors and other technologies to identify its surroundings to move around its environment. For AMRs hardware and software make up, it is a combination of artificial intelligence (AI) and physical robotic elements such as wheels, tracks and legs.
How do AMRs work?
AMRs are equipped with cameras and sensors, therefore if they experience an unexpected obstacle while navigating their environments, such as a fallen box or a crowd of people, they will use a navigation technique like collision avoidance to slow, stop, or reroute their path in the most efficient manner around the object and then continue with their task.
Difference between an AGV and an AMR?
AMRs differ from autonomous guided vehicles, also known as AGVs, in respect to their pathing. An autonomous mobile robot can understand and move through its environment intelligently and independently whilst for an autonomous guided vehicle, it relies on predefined paths or tracks to move. Oftentimes, an AGV would require an operator to monitor the movements.
Applications for AMRs:
The list of applications of AMRs consist of:
3. Hospitals & healthcare,
7. Accessing dangerous areas without guiding infrastructure (examples include fire, nuclear military, etc)
Benefits of AMRs:
Enhanced Safety for Staff
Many businesses nowadays employ AMRs for tasks that would be potentially harmful, dangerous or just not possible for humans. A prime example of this would be, as mentioned earlier, health industries, to clean and disinfect sections or areas to maintain health and safety standards. Other examples include transportation of contagious or toxic materials such as in the pharmaceutical industries, the transfer of heavy loads in industrial environments and also work operations in extreme conditions.
Autonomous mobile robots can dynamically analyze, assess and respond to their surroundings and environments whilst completing a range of tasks. Unlike an AGV, the AMR operates without the supervision of an operator.
As mentioned earlier, due to their location and mapping technologies, an AMR is able to understand and adapt to the changes in their environments. This is what makes an AMR flexible and a hugely valuable tool that can be employed to a variety of applications and industries.
Increased Efficiency and Productivity
To utilize the current staff to maximize efficiency and productivity, these staff can now focus on high-value activities whilst the AMRs can be employed to assist in the operations of moving inventory, locating and picking.
Productivity is always key to any leading company, which means reducing downtime and keeping production ongoing. If required, AMRs can easily be reprogrammed and suited to function in new routes, potentially new warehouses and new workflows.