7 Types of Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs)?

Today, warehouses and factories use high-tech tools to work faster and better. One such tool gaining popularity is the Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV). AGVs are robots that help with different jobs in these places.

There are different types of AGVs, like Cart AGVs, smart AMRs, and tough Outdoor AGVs. Each one is made for specific tasks.

In this article, we’ll learn all about AGVs. We’ll see what makes them special, get useful advice, and find interesting facts to help you pick the right AGV for your needs.

But first, let’s start with:

What is an AGV, and How Does it Work?

An AGV, which stands for Automated Guided Vehicle, is a special kind of vehicle. It can move and do things all on its own, without needing a person to control it. These clever machines have smart sensors and technology that help them navigate and do tasks very accurately. AGVs are often seen in places like factories, warehouses, and delivery centers. They act like robots that drive themselves, making it easy to move things around, and changing the way we do work.

Now, let’s dive into the details:

1. Cart AGV: Versatility at Your Service:

Cart AGVs are like the hard workers of moving stuff in warehouses and factories. They have a flat surface to put things on and are really good at carrying stuff of different sizes and weights. They can handle items from a few kilograms to several tons. These AGVs are also smart; they can see obstacles and avoid them using technology like LiDAR, which makes sure they move safely even when things change around them.

Tip: If you want to make the most of a Cart AGV, think about how big and heavy your stuff is. Pick an AGV that can carry the right weight, and make sure it can move around your place without any problems.

Cart AGV
Cart AGV (agvnetwork)

2. Forklift AGV: Lifting Heavy Loads with Precision

When you need to move big, heavy stuff on pallets or in boxes, robot forklifts are a great choice. These AGVs work a lot like regular forklifts, with arms to lift and carry really heavy things. They can carry loads from about 1,000 kilograms to over 10,000 kilograms, making them perfect for warehouses and places where things are sent out. When you use them with Warehouse Management Systems (WMS), it helps plan the best way to load stuff, find the right route, and keep track of everything in the warehouse. This makes warehouses work better.

Tip: Think about how heavy the things you usually move are. Pick a Forklift AGV that can handle that weight. Also, check if it has safety features to avoid accidents.

Forklift AGV
Forklift AGV

3. Towing AGV: Efficiency in Moving Multiple Loads

When you need to move many carts or equipment at once, Towing AGVs are a big help. They’re made to pull other things behind them, making it easy to move stuff around. These AGVs can connect to and disconnect from the things they’re towing all by themselves, which makes them flexible and adaptable. To choose the right Towing AGV, you need to think about how many carts or equipment you want to tow and how heavy they are.

Tip: Think about how many carts or equipment you need to move and how heavy they are. Make sure the Towing AGV can handle all that weight. Also, check if it can connect to your carts or equipment.

Towing AGV
Towing AGV (jbtc)

4. Unit Load AGV: Streamlining Material Transportation

Unit Load AGVs are pros at moving things like pallets or containers. They’re often seen in warehouses, distribution centers, and factories, where they make moving stuff around more efficient. These AGVs can carry different weights, from a few kilograms to several tons, and they fit right into your existing racks or storage systems. Some even use RFID technology to automatically know what’s on the pallets or in the containers, which helps with keeping track of things.

Tip: Think about how big and heavy the stuff you need to move is. Pick a Unit Load AGV that can handle that weight and works with your storage setup. Check if it has ways to keep the load stable for safe transport.

Unit Load AGV
Unit Load AGV (agvnetwork)

5. AMR (Autonomous Mobile Robot): The Versatile Assistant

Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs) are super versatile in AGV technology. They use smart sensors, mapping, and AI to move around on their own, even in changing places. AMRs can do lots of jobs, like moving things and picking orders. To pick the right AMR, think about what you need it to do, like general moving or special tasks. Check how well it can navigate, how long the battery lasts, and if it works with your software.

Tip: Think about what you need the AMR to do and how well it needs to move. Check its navigation skills, battery life, and software compatibility. This way, it fits well into your system.


6. Outdoor AGV: Handling Tough Environments

Outdoor AGVs are made to work in challenging places like construction sites, ports, or outdoor storage yards. They are strong and can carry heavy things, even in bad weather. Some use GPS to find their way in large open areas. When choosing an Outdoor AGV, think about the outdoor tasks you need it for, how much weight it can carry, how tough it is, and if it can handle rough weather.

Tip: Decide what outdoor jobs you have, like moving heavy stuff or handling containers. Check if the Outdoor AGV can carry the weight you need and handle tough conditions. Also, make sure it can move on rough terrain.

Outdoor AGVOutdoor AGV (sick)

7. Mobile Picking Robot: Enhancing Order Fulfilment

Mobile Picking Robots are special AGVs for filling orders and picking things in warehouses or online stores. They have robot arms or grippers to grab individual items or small packages very precisely. They use smart machine vision and AI to pick things accurately and fast. To pick the right Mobile Picking Robot, think about the size and weight of the things you’re picking. Check if it can carry the weight, how it grabs things, and if it works with your inventory system and current processes.

Tip: Think about the size and weight of the items you’re picking. Make sure the Mobile Picking Robot can carry the weight, grab things well, and fit into your existing work system.

Mobile Picking Robot
Mobile Picking Robot (Robotics 24/7, 2020)


In short, AGVs make moving things easier and safer. There are different types, like Cart AGVs, AMRs, and Outdoor AGVs, each with a specific job.

To pick the right AGV, think about how much it can carry, how it moves, and its safety features. AGVs help you do more work and keep your workplace safe.

Don’t miss out on the benefits of AGVs. They’re always improving, so stay informed to work smarter in the automated world.

To learn more about Mobile Robots.

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