Grippers are essential tools in industrial automation, attached to robotic arms to grasp, hold, and manipulate objects during automated processes. They come in various types, including pneumatic, electric, magnetic, and vacuum grippers, each designed for specific tasks. Pneumatic grippers use compressed air for quick gripping, electric grippers offer precise control and energy efficiency, magnetic grippers handle metal objects, and vacuum grippers use suction for non-metallic items.

Industries such as manufacturing, automotive, electronics, food and beverage, and pharmaceuticals benefit greatly from grippers. These tools enhance productivity and precision by handling tasks like assembly, packaging, material handling, and quality inspection. For instance, adaptive grippers can change shape to handle different objects, making them versatile for various applications​.​.

While grippers can vary in cost, investing in them can lead to significant long-term savings by reducing manual labor and increasing productivity. The price depends on the technology, features, and specific application needs. Generally, pneumatic grippers are more budget-friendly, while electric and magnetic grippers may cost more but offer greater precision and control​.

Show More

Get Matched with Local Suppliers

Answer a few questions and we‘ll put you in touch with distributors and system integrators who can help.

233 Grippers

Save time! Get free quotes from different sellers now!

  • logoWe will send you quotes from verified sellers only
  • logoWe will reply quickly within 24 hours
  • logoWe will provide an expert and you will have their attention
  • logoWe will share your quote information with verified sellers only

What is a Gripper?

Grippers are essential devices in industrial automation, attached to robotic arms to grasp, hold, and manipulate objects during automated processes. They come in various types, including pneumatic, electric, magnetic, and vacuum grippers, each designed for specific tasks. Pneumatic grippers use compressed air for strong, quick gripping. Electric grippers offer precise control and energy efficiency. Magnetic grippers are ideal for handling metal objects, while vacuum grippers use suction for non-metallic items. Grippers enhance productivity and precision across industries like automotive, electronics, packaging, and food processing, making them versatile tools in automation.

What Types of Grippers Are Available?

Several types of grippers are available in industrial automation, each suited for different tasks:

1. Pneumatic Grippers: Use compressed air to open and close jaws, offering strong and quick gripping.

2. Electric Grippers: Provide precise control and are energy efficient, integrating easily with electronic systems.

3. Magnetic Grippers: Ideal for handling metal objects, using magnetic force for gripping.

4. Vacuum Grippers: Use suction to pick up and move objects, particularly non-metallic items.

5. Hydraulic Grippers: Utilize hydraulic fluid for powerful gripping, suitable for heavy-duty applications.

6. Adaptive Grippers: Adjust their shape to grip a variety of objects, offering versatility in handling different items.

How Do Pneumatic Grippers Work?

Pneumatic grippers operate using compressed air to create movement. Here’s how they work:

1. Compressed Air: Air is compressed and sent into the gripper’s internal chambers.

2. Movement Mechanism: The air pressure causes pistons or diaphragms to move, opening or closing the gripper's jaws.

3. Gripping Action: The jaws close around the object when air pressure is applied and release it when the pressure is released.

4. Control: Pneumatic valves and controllers regulate the air flow, allowing precise control over the gripping force and speed.

What are the Advantages of Electric Grippers?

Electric grippers offer several advantages in industrial automation:

1. Precise Control: They provide accurate and adjustable gripping force, enhancing precision in handling delicate or varied objects.

2. Energy Efficiency: Electric grippers consume less energy compared to pneumatic or hydraulic grippers, reducing operational costs.

3. Ease of Integration: They integrate easily with electronic control systems, allowing seamless automation and programming.

4. Quiet Operation: Electric grippers operate more quietly than their pneumatic counterparts, contributing to a better working environment.

5. Flexibility: They can handle a wide range of objects and tasks, making them versatile for different applications.

What Applications are Magnetic Grippers Used For?

Magnetic grippers are used in various applications where handling ferrous materials is required:

1. Metal Sheet Handling: Ideal for picking and placing metal sheets in manufacturing processes.

2. Assembly Lines: Used to move and position metal parts during assembly operations.

3. Recycling: Efficiently separates and transports ferrous materials in recycling facilities.

4. Welding: Holds metal pieces in place during welding processes.

5. Automotive Industry: Handles car parts made of steel, such as body panels and engine components.

How Do Vacuum Grippers Operate?

Vacuum grippers operate using suction to pick up and move objects. Here’s how they work:

1. Suction Cups: The gripper has suction cups that attach to the object's surface.

2. Vacuum Generation: A vacuum pump or generator creates a pressure difference, causing the air inside the suction cups to be removed.

3. Gripping Action: The reduced pressure inside the cups creates a strong suction force, securely holding the object.

4. Release Mechanism: Releasing the vacuum allows air back into the cups, breaking the suction and releasing the object.

What Industries Use Grippers?

Grippers are used across various industries to enhance automation and efficiency:

1. Automotive: Used for assembling parts, handling components, and welding.

2. Electronics: Assist in assembling delicate components and placing circuit boards.

3. Packaging: Help in picking, placing, and packing products.

4. Food and Beverage: Handle food items, packaging, and sorting.

5. Pharmaceutical: Used for precise handling of medications and packaging.

6. Logistics: Aid in sorting, picking, and placing items in warehouses.

7. Aerospace: Handle and assemble precision parts and materials.

How Do You Choose a Gripper?

Choosing a gripper involves considering several key factors to ensure it meets your specific needs:

1. Task Requirements: Determine the tasks the gripper will perform, such as gripping, lifting, or manipulating objects.

2. Object Characteristics: Consider the size, shape, weight, and material of the objects the gripper will handle.

3. Gripper Type: Select from pneumatic, electric, magnetic, or vacuum grippers based on your application.

4. Force and Precision: Ensure the gripper provides the necessary gripping force and precision for delicate or heavy tasks.

5. Integration: Check compatibility with your robotic system and ease of integration.

If you wish to stay updated on the launch of this category, leave a message here.

Are you a supplier of products in this category? Contact us to find out how we can collaborate.

Are you searching for product information (best products, reviews, learning material) about this category? Contact us and receive an email when this category goes live.

Personal details

Fields marked with a star (*) are required

First name

Last name

Company name

Phone number

Email address

Your message


Qviro is world's largest B2B Marketplace for sourcing Industry 4.0 & Robotics.
Qviro helps engineers find inspiration, find service providers and find technology they need to improve their factories and automate their processes.
🇺🇸 +1(201)4654073
🇪🇺 +32(472)422722
© 2024 Qviro